At the moment, the majority of the energy used in the UK is generated by burning fossil fuels. In 2016, 54% of our energy came from fossil fuels (42% natural gas, 9% coal and 3% other fuels. Source) However, fossil fuel supplies are limited and the process of using them generating energy creates high levels of pollution. Things are improving in this area but we need to do more to meet the UK's target of at least 30% of our energy coming from renewable sources by 2020.
The second largest source of energy in the UK is nuclear power, contributing 21% in 2016 but our reactors are old and many are closing down. Of the current stock, only one is expected to still be active by 2025.
As a result, the UK needs sustainable and reliable sources of power.
Wind and solar are a significant part of the solution. Central Bedfordshire has a wind farm in Biggleswade and two photovoltaic solar farms in Caddington and Sandy.
Energy from waste offers a sustainable source of energy and heat, processing waste products which are far more widely available than fossil fuels and much more reliable than the wind or the sun.